India’s deepening agricultural crisis has led to many farmers giving up on farming. India is the powerhouse of agricultural production worldwide, being the leading producer of spices, pulses and milk. Other than that, India has the largest area that is used in the cultivation of crops like cotton, wheat and rice.
Indian agriculture held almost 75% share in India's GDP, which has gone down at a considerable rate of 14%. However, farming is the ultimate source of livelihood for almost 50% of the population and the industry has a vast impact on every citizen of the country.
There have been many challenges that the agricultural industry has faced over the years, here’s shedding light on a few:
Land Ownership :
Large chunks of agricultural lands in India are owned by handful of rich farmers, leaving the poor farmers with very little to no land to carry out their farming activities. Total cultivable land belonging to the rich farmers account for as much as 35 p.c. On the other hand, small farmers together own as little as 14 p.c. of the cultivable lands.
Land Tenure :
The land tenure system is also pretty deranged in India, with landlords not giving any security to tenants and evicting them on the basis of right about any supposed ground.
The production technique :
The production technique has also become very out modish in India. The farmers still use the age-old method of cow-ploughing for large scale production of crops.
Excessive pressure on Land :
Another major problem that makes Indian farmers suffer is the pressure on the land as opposed to the availability of land, which is excessively high.
Water crises :
Due to population growth, India has witnessed massive water scarcity, having a huge impact on the country's available water sources. Large sums of money are needed in order to dig up wells for irrigation, which is something not many farmers can afford, hence leading to many farmer deaths.
Availability of seeds :
Every year, Indian farmers face an increasing problem with the access to seeds. Problems with seed availability is a deep-rooted problem with seed prices increasing on a yearly basis.
Lack of storage facilities and maintenance :
Lack of maintenance in crop storage leads to a degradation of the quality of the produce. This leads to a massive amount of wastage and low-income returns. It is estimated that 93% of the produce gets wasted due to improper maintenance.
How Will Hemp Benefit the Situation?
- Smaller crop cycle
- High global demand
- Doesn't need herbicides or pesticides
- Naturally resistant to most pests
- Recycling/end use efficiency
- Hemp paper can be recycled 7 to 8 times
- Requires less water
- Negative carbon footprint
- Profitable and with 25000 uses
- Sustainable crop